Marshall named Thoroughgood on July 2 to Norma and William Marshall in Baltimore, Maryland; shortens name to Thurgood in second grade. Thoroughgood Marshall becomes first African American elevated to U.S. Supreme Court (1967-1991. In 1971 Marshall and the other U.S. Supreme Court Justices guaranteed abortion rights in land-mark Roe v. Wade case. Other achievements:

  • 1930 -Graduates from Lincoln U. (cum laude)
  • 1934 –Graduates from Howard University School of Law (magna cum laude); begins private practice.
  • 1936 – Becomes assistant special counsel for NAACP
  • 1940 – Wins first of 29 Supreme Court victories.
  • 1954 – Wins Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, landmark case that demolishes legal basis for segregation in America.